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Macro Economics Presentation

 Macro Economics Presentation Dissertation

WHAT IS INFLATION?

INFLATION IS A LONG TERM WITHIN THE PRICES OF

GOODS AND SERVICES DUE TO THE DEVALUATION

OF MONEY.

CAUSES OF PUMPIING:

• Just what exactly exactly causes inflation in an economy? There isn't

a single, agreed-upon answer, but there are a variety of

theories, all of these play a lot of role in inflation:

1 ) THE MONEY SOURCE

• Pumpiing is mostly caused by a rise in the money source that outpaces economic progress. • From the time industrialized nations around the world moved away from the gold standard during the past hundred years,

the value of cash is determined by the amount of currency that is in blood flow and the public's perception from the value of the money. When the Federal Reserve decides to put more money in to circulation at a rate higher than the economy's development rate, the cost of money may fall because of the changing open public perception in the value from the underlying forex. As a result, this kind of devaluation can force rates to rise due to the fact that each product of foreign currency is now well worth less.

• One way of looking at the money supply effect on pumpiing is the same manner collectors value

items. The rarer a specific item is usually, the more valuable it must be. Similar logic performs for forex; the fewer currency there is certainly in the cash supply, the greater valuable that currency will be. When a government decides to print fresh currency, they essentially normal water down the benefit of the money already in circulation. A more macroeconomic way of looking at the negative effects of your increased money supply is the fact there will be more dollars chasing after the same amount of products in an economic system, which will undoubtedly lead to improved demand and therefore higher prices.

2 . THE NATIONAL DEBT

• We all believe that substantial national debts in the U. S. is a bad factor, but did you know it can in fact drive pumpiing to higher amounts over time? The reason for this is that as a country's debt raises, the government provides two choices: they can both raise fees or produce more money to pay off the debt.

• A rise in taxes will cause businesses to react simply by raising their prices

to offset the increased corporate and business tax rate. Alternatively, should the government choose the latter alternative, printing more income will lead directly to a rise in the money source, which will in return lead to the devaluation from the currency and increased prices (as reviewed above).

a few. DEMAND-PULL IMPACT

• The demand-pull result states that as pay increase within the economic

program (often the truth in a growing economy with low unemployment), people will have more money to invest on consumer goods. This kind of increase in fluid and with regard to consumer merchandise results in a rise in demand for items. As a result of the increased demand, companies is going to raise prices to the level the consumer will bear in in an attempt to balance source and require.

• The would be a huge increase in client demand for a product or service or

support that the open public determines to be cheap. For instance, when hourly wages

maximize,

many

people

may

identify

to

take on

home improvement tasks. This elevated demand for do-it-yourself goods and services can lead to price boosts by house-painters, electricians, and other general contractors to be able to offset the increased demand. This will consequently drive up prices across the board.

5. COST-PUSH RESULT

• One other factor in generating up rates of customer goods and services

is usually explained by an economic theory known as the cost-push result. Essentially, this kind of theory claims that when businesses are faced with improved input costs like raw goods and materials or perhaps wages, they may preserve their profitability simply by passing this increased expense of production upon the consumer in the form of higher prices.

• A straightforward example would be an increase in dairy prices, which in turn would

unquestionably drive up the price tag on a cappuccino at your community Starbucks seeing that each cup of coffee is now more pricey for Starbucks to...

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