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Contrastive Linguistics

 Essay about Contrastive Linguistics

Slovenski jezik – Slovene Linguistic Studies 7 (2009): 153–168

Biljana Božinovski Ljubljanska borza, deb. d., Ljubljana

The Language from the Stock Exchange – A Contrastive Analysis from the Lexis V članku je podana analiza jezika borze s stališča slovensko-angleške protistave. Izrazje (samostalniške zveze) obeh jezikov smo protistavili tako v strukturnem kot versus semantičnem smislu, pri čemer se je razkrilo več protistavnih značilnosti, med drugim različni načini ubeseditve istega pojma, terminološke praznine in lažni prijatelji, slovensko borzno terminologijo pennsylvania zaznamujejo tudi angleške tujke. The article evaluates the language with the stock exchange from a Slovene-English contrastive point of view. The specific lexis with the two languages was juxtaposed as to the structural and semantic differences with their respective conditions and expressions (nominal phrases), revealing this kind of contrastive phenomena as different conceptualizations, terminological gaps and false good friends, while the Slovene stock exchange terms is also seen as a English foreignisms.

1 . Launch James brands contrastive evaluation (CA) as being a hybrid linguistic discipline (1989: 4), since it is not particularist neither generalist which is interested both in the essentiel genius of your language in addition to the ways in which one dialect compares to different languages. CA does not strive to classify dialects and is interested both in right after and similarities between them. Having strictly pedagogical implications at first, the theoretical foundations of CA were initially put down by simply Robert Lado in his Linguistics Across Cultures (1957). Lado supported the conviction that if learners of a language (L2) were made aware of many ways in which all their mother tongue (L1) and L2 differed, this would facilitate foreign language learning. This individual went even further by professing that the components of L2 that are similar to the learners' L1 will certainly prove simple to learn, with those that vary being difficult. Lado was the first to suggest a scientific set of specialized procedures intended for the contrastive study of languages; this kind of included information of 'languages' and their side by side comparisons as well as forecasts of L2 learning troubles. In its many ambitious phrasing, the Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis claimed in order to predict most learners' mistakes committed in using an L2. Nevertheless , empirical research conducted through the 1970s cannot sustain this kind of claim, making it clear that CA could only foresee certain difficult areas pertaining to learners and several of the mistakes they are certain to make inside their versions of L2 (James 1989: one hundred forty five; my italics). All comparisons work on the basis of the assumption that the organizations to be as opposed have certain things in keeping, and that virtually any differences together can be set

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Slovenski jezik – Slovene Linguistic Studies 7 (2009)

against this common backdrop. A CALIFORNIA thus always involves a common linguistic system of research, against which in turn contrastive deviations are mentioned. This common platform is definitely termed tertium comparationis (TC). Depending on the adopted TC, the same aspects of vocabulary may turn out be comparable or distinct (Krzeszowski 1990: 16). In syntactic and lexical contrastive studies, the TC is often taken to always be formal or semantic messages (ibid. ), chiefly in combination. Contrastive linguistics is not really a unified discipline of research. The focus could possibly be on standard or upon language particular features. The research may be assumptive (theoretical CA), without any immediate application, or it may be used (applied CA), i. at the. carried out to get a specific purpose (Fisiak 1981: 2–3). Further more, Gabrovšek (2005: 75–6) highlights that contrastive work can be done at the amounts of: phonology, graphology, lexicology, sentence structure, and textology. This is why any contrastive function must always be limited in opportunity and thus constantly represent yet a fragment in the overall contrastive landscape of a given set of languages. Contrastive...

References: 168

Slovenski jezik – Slovene Linguistic Studies 7 (2009)

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